Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer or CRC, is a problem that often arises from hereditary genes. Colonoscopies can help diagnose colorectal cancer, but it is not always clear if the cancer was caused by genetics or other factors. Colorectal cancer has increased in recent decades and this trend may be due to environmental influences. Colonoscopy should be used as an early detection tool for those with familial risk of CRC.
What is Colon Cancer
Colon cancer is a problem that arises from cells in the colon. These cells can form tumors that can spread to other parts of the body. Colorectal cancer often has no symptoms in its early stages, which is why people need to get regular colonoscopies. CRC can be treated effectively if it is caught early.
Is Colon Cancer Hereditary
Colon cancer is often hereditary, meaning that it is passed down from parents to their children. If you have a first-degree relative who has been diagnosed with colorectal cancer, you should consider having a colonoscopy at an earlier age.
What are the Risk Factors for Colon Cancer
There are several risk factors for CRC. Some of the most common risk factors include:
-Age: Colon cancer is most common in people over the age of 50.
-Smoking: Smoking increases your risk of developing CRC.
-Alcohol Consumption: Heavy drinking can increase your risk of colon cancer. Alcohol consumption can also increase your risk of other types of cancer, including liver cancer and breast cancer.
-Diet: A diet high in red and processed meats can increase your risk of colorectal cancer. A diet high in fruits and vegetables can decrease your risk of CRC.
-Physical Inactivity: Being inactive can increase your risk of colon cancer.
-Obesity: Obesity increases your risk of many types of cancer, including colorectal cancer
Treatment Options for Colon Cancer
There are many different treatment options for colon cancer. Treatment options may vary depending on the stage of the cancer. Some of the most common treatment options include:
-Surgery: Surgery is often used to remove tumors from the colon.
–Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a type of medication used to kill cancer cells.
–Radiotherapy: Radiotherapy is a type of radiation used to kill cancer cells.
–Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy is used to shrink tumors and stop them from growing.
–Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy is a type of medication that targets specific proteins in cancer cells.
–Clinical Trials: Clinical trials are research studies that test new treatments for cancer.
A colonoscopy is a procedure that is used to screen for CRC. Colonoscopies can also be used to treat colon cancer. A doctor will insert a Colonoscope into the rectum to view the colon during a colonoscopy. The Colonoscope is a long, flexible tube with a camera on end.
The Colonoscope can be used to remove tumors from the colon. Colonoscopies are often used to screen for colon cancer in people who have a family history of colon cancer.
Colon cancer is the third most common cancer in the United States. Catching the disease early gives you the best chance for a successful treatment. Colon cancer has several risk factors, one of which is hereditary. If you have a family history of colorectal cancer, getting screened regularly with a colonoscopy is essential.
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