Our Gastroenterology Blog

Posts for category: Gastroenterology

By GI ASSOCIATES
December 14, 2018
Category: Gastroenterology
Tags: Colonoscopy   Weight Loss  

This is the perfect time to reevaluate what you’re doing for your own health.

The holiday season is upon us and this usually means spending time with family and friends over generous helpings of foods. Of course, colonoscopynot all those foods are the best for your health. As we come up to the New Year, many patients make a resolution to be healthier. From the office of our Wausau, WI, gastroenterologists, here are some tips to keep your GI tract healthy in the New Year.

Eat Healthier for a Healthier You

The holiday season is a time for delicious foods and yet a lot of the foods we love can also lead to heartburn, indigestion and constipation. It’s important to know what triggers these symptoms so that you can avoid these foods whenever possible. Aim to include fruits and vegetables, lean meats, low-fat dairy and whole grains into your diet while avoiding processed foods. Incorporate fiber into your diet and limit both caffeine and alcohol, which can cause digestive issues.

Manage Overeating and Bad Habits

We know how tempting it can be to reach for another helping of mashed potatoes or to grab another slice of pumpkin pie; however, if you find yourself feeling guilty about how much you’re eating this holiday season then here are some quick tips to allow you to enjoy delicious holiday foods without the guilt.

  • Pace yourself and set your fork down between bites. By slowing down you can control just how much you eat and allow your body time to let you know that it’s done. You can still enjoy the foods you love, just in moderation.
  • If you’re still hungry after a meal, drink a glass of water and wait 10-15 minute to see if the pangs go away.
  • Stress can also wreak havoc on our ability to manage bad eating habits, so make sure to carve out some time in between carving that turkey to unwind and relax.
  • Practice mindful eating, which means turning off distractions and focusing on eating. Eating while working or multitasking can lead to consuming hundreds of extra calories.

Decide to Lose that Weight

Getting fit is a resolution for many and adding regular physical activity to your week is important for a healthy digestive system. In fact, something as simple as a 30-minute walk each day can prevent bloating and constipation. Getting regular exercise can also reduce your risk for colon cancer. Those who are overweight or obese are at a greater risk for developing with diabetes, fatty liver disease and other GI problems.

Schedule a Colonoscopy

Okay, so perhaps this isn’t something you’ve put on your wish list this holiday season but a colonoscopy is the best way to detect polyps and colorectal cancer, and both men and women should start getting screened by the time they reach 50 years old. If you are turning 50 this year then it’s time to schedule a colonoscopy with our Wausau, WI, GI doctor.

If you want to start out the New Year with good digestive health then the team at GI Associates in Wausau, WI, can provide you with the advice and treatment you need to handle any issues you might be having. Call us today to schedule an appointment.

 

By GI ASSOCIATES
October 12, 2018
Category: Gastroenterology
Tags: hemorrhoids  

Are you experiencing periodic pain, itching or have blood when you wipe after a bowel movement? If so, you could have hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are a condition resulting from swelling and distention in the veins of thehemorroids anus and rectum. Hemorrhoids are one of the most common causes of rectal bleeding, and the condition isn’t considered serious or life-threatening. In fact, some cases of hemorrhoid may clear up on their own within a few weeks. Of course, if you are noticing any blood in your stool it’s important that you contact your physician to evaluate the cause of your bleeding.

Hemorrhoids may be either internal or external. Internal hemorrhoids are inside the rectum. Often times the only symptom of internal hemorrhoids is bright red blood when wiping after a bowel movement. Itching and mild discomfort are also frequent. External hemorrhoids are usually more painful because they are found around the anus rather than inside the rectum. Besides pain, these hemorrhoids can also cause bleeding.

What causes hemorrhoids?
Straining during a bowel movement, standing or sitting for long periods of time, or having constipation or diarrhea can also bring on hemorrhoids.
Excess pressure placed on the rectum can increase your chances for hemorrhoids. This might be the case if you are overweight, or are pregnant.
Genetics can play in role in whether or not you develop hemorrhoids; therefore, if a family member deals with them then you are more likely to deal with them, too.

Can you prevent hemorrhoids?
There are certain habits you can adopt to reduce your chances of getting hemorrhoids. This includes:

  • Getting enough fiber every day
  • Drinking water
  •  Getting regular exercise

If you are prone to hemorrhoids, then talk to your doctor about ways to change your diet or lifestyle to reduce your risk.

How are hemorrhoids treated?
Most of the time you can alleviate your symptoms and treat hemorrhoids with simple at-home measures such as:

  • Incorporating more fiber into your diet
  • Using a short course of over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream (topical steroids)
  • Soaking in warm water (sitz bath)
  • Avoiding dry toilet paper
  • Applying a cold compress to the area
  • Taking over-the-counter pain relievers

Most people will see hemorrhoid symptoms disappear in about a week. If you are still experiencing symptoms after a week or if you are experiencing severe symptoms, then you need to contact your care provider to discuss options. For internal hemorrhoids, a team of GI Associates gastroenterologists offers the CHR O’Regan treatment system. Performed in the office, this minimally invasive procedure requires no prep and no sedation and patients return to work the same day.

Symptomatic external hemorrhoids may require surgery to remove the veins causing the symptoms. If you have been diagnosed or are suspicious of underlying internal hemorrhoids give GI Associates in Wausau, WI, a call. We would be happy to schedule an evaluation for you.

By GI ASSOCIATES
August 30, 2018
Category: Gastroenterology
Tags: Colitis  

Have you or someone you know been diagnosed with Colitis? If so, you may be trying to get answers about this inflammatory colitisgastrointestinal condition, what causes it, its symptoms and how it's best treated. Our Wausau, WI, gastroenterologists have you covered. Here’s what you should know about this intestinal disorder:

What is Colitis?

This condition causes inflammation and sometimes ulcers within the colon and rectum. There are several different kinds of colitis such as infectious,  ischemic, ulcerative, microscopic and medication-induced.

What are the symptoms of colitis?

The most common symptoms of colitis are chronic diarrhea and a persistent urge to have a bowel movement. It’s common for there to be blood in the stool when you have ulcerative colitis. Along with diarrhea, you may also experience weight loss, abdominal pain, fatigue, and fever.

Some patients even experience spasms of the rectum. If you’ve been noticing persistent or bloody diarrhea or abdominal pain, it’s a good idea to give your GI doctor in Wausau a call to schedule an evaluation.

What causes this intestinal disorder?

Research is still being done to discover the causes of ulcerative colitis; however, it is believed that family history does play a role in who develops this condition and who doesn’t. If a family member has had colitis there is a chance you could have it too. Of course, environmental factors may also be to blame, as higher rates of colitis have been found within urban settings.

How is colitis treated?

The treatment options that are best for you will depend on the cause of your colitis. Once we figure out what’s causing it we can recommend the proper treatment options. For example, if colitis is due to an infection, you may need a round of antibiotics.

If your colitis is due to an autoimmune disease, called ulcerative colitis, you may need any one of several kinds of medications. Common options include anti-inflammatory medications such as corticosteroids, immunomodulators and immunosuppressant’s (to reduce inflammation). We will discuss the best options for you.

GI Associates of Wausau, WI, is here to help you feel better. No matter if you are dealing with unexplained abdominal pain, persistent diarrhea, blood in the stool or other symptoms, it’s important that you have a team of GI specialists who can help. Call us today to schedule an appointment with us.

Learn more about your options for treating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
 
Did you know that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is actually the most common type of chronic liver disorder in the US? In fact, as many asnon alcoholic fatty liver disease 80 to 100 million Americans have it. Have you or a loved one just been diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease? If so, our Wausau, WI, gastroenterologists are here to tell you more about this condition and what our team of specialist can do to help.

What is non-alcoholic fatty liver disease?
 
As you may be able to guess from the name alone, this disorder refers to a condition of the liver that causes too much fat to be stored in the cells of the liver. While many liver disorders are associated with heavy drinking or alcoholism, this condition affects those who do not drink alcohol or who drink very little.
What causes non-alcoholic fatty liver disease?
 
Unfortunately, medical experts have not been able to pinpoint the exact reason why some people accumulate more fat on their livers than others; however, there are certain conditions and factors that have been linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease such as:

  • Obesity or being overweight
  • High blood sugar
  • High-fat levels within the blood
  • Insulin resistance

 There are also some conditions and factors that can increase your chances of developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease such as:

  • Hypothyroidism
  • High cholesterol
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Sleep apnea
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

What are the symptoms?
In most cases, people don’t experience symptoms of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Some people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease may notice:

  • Abdominal pain in the upper right region
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss or loss of appetite

How is this condition treated?
While there is no specific treatment for this condition, we may ask you to change your diet and current lifestyle.
If you are overweight or obese, this means helping you to lose that weight safely but effectively through creating a healthier diet and regular exercise plan.
In many cases, losing the excess weight will greatly improve the health of your liver. This may also include reducing or stopping how much alcohol you drink.
Periodic measurement of liver elasticity and liver function blood tests may be recommended to monitor the health of your liver over time.
 
Whether you have already been diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease or you are experiencing symptoms, the team at GI Associates in Wausau, WI, are here to provide you with the support and care you need. You don’t have to handle these issues alone. Call us today.

By GI ASSOCIATES
May 21, 2018
Category: Gastroenterology
Tags: C. diff  

Find out more about this potentially serious gastrointestinal infection and its symptoms.

While most people will deal with bouts of gastroenteritis (colloquially referred to as the “stomach bug”), diarrhea, and even food-borne C. diffillnesses such as e. coli, there is another infectious strain that doesn’t get as much recognition but does infect close to half a million Americans each year. This infection is known as C. diff, and our Wausau, WI, gastroenterologists are here to tell you more about it.

What is C. diff?

C. diff, or Clostridium difficile, is a bacterial infection of the large intestine that can cause everything from mild diarrhea to more severe diarrhea and abdominal pain with dehydration.  Severe cases can be life-threatening.

What are the symptoms?

C. diff can cause a variety of symptoms that mimic that of other conditions. Common symptoms include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain and tenderness
  • Fever

If you are dealing with a mild case, you may experience diarrhea and other symptoms for anywhere from five to 10 days. Those with more severe cases may experience symptoms that last well over 10 days.

Since the most classic symptom of C. diff is diarrhea, it’s common for patients to become dehydrated. If you are experiencing diarrhea for more than two days, if there is blood in your stool or if your diarrhea is accompanied by a fever, you should call our Wausau GI doctors right away.

How do you contract C. diff?

Most cases of C.diff infection occur in people who have recently taken an antibiotic for an infection elsewhere in the body.  The antibiotic has killed most of the healthy bacteria in the colon.  This allows the C.diff to grow and cause the infection in the large intestine.  The C.diff can spread from one infectious person to another or through contaminated utensils or clothes.  C.diff is more likely to spread in places like hospitals where more patients are on antibiotics and can come in contact with the bacterium.

How is C. diff treated?

Even though there are certain antibiotics that can increase your chances of developing C. diff, if you do develop this infection the best way to treat it is with a round of antibiotics that kill the C.diff bacteria. Metronidazole (Flagyl) and oral Vancomycin are common antibiotics used for treating C. diff.

Sometimes the infection is resistant to treatment.  A longer course of these antibiotics or a different antibiotic may be required.  A small number of patients may require “Fecal Material Transplantation”.  This is a procedure in which healthy bacteria are placed in the colon to combat the C.diff infection.

The team at GI Associates is dedicated to providing comprehensive and gentle digestive treatment and care whenever you need it most. We have locations in Wausau, Stevens Point, Woodruff, Eagle River, Rhinelander, and Antigo, WI. Whether you are dealing with symptoms of C. diff or you are experiencing other issues, don’t hesitate to reach out to us right away to get your GI system back on track.

By GI ASSOCIATES
February 21, 2018
Category: Gastroenterology
Tags: Ulcerative Colitis  

Find out more about this inflammatory bowel disease and what a diagnosis might mean for you.

Have you or a loved one just been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis? Approximately 907,000 Americans have ulcerative colitis, a type of ulcerative colitisinflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and ulcers within the lining of the colon (large intestines) and rectum. Our Wausau, WI, gastroenterologists are here to answer all of your most common questions regarding this intestinal condition.

What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?

Symptoms will vary from person to person, but many people with this condition experience mild to moderate symptoms during flare-ups; however, some people with experience severe inflammation and other symptoms. Common symptoms of ulcerative colitis include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Rectal bleeding and/or pain
  • Changes in bowel movement frequency
  • Fatigue
  • Unexpected or sudden weight loss

Keep in mind that if you haven’t been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis and you are experiencing some of these symptoms that it doesn’t necessarily mean that you have this type of IBD. In fact, many gastrointestinal issues have similar symptoms, which is why it’s important to visit one of our Wausau GI specialists for a proper diagnosis.

Is ulcerative colitis the same as Crohn’s disease?

While both of these conditions are considered an inflammatory bowel disease and some symptoms may be the same, there are some differences. Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation in the lining of the colon and rectum while Crohn’s disease can produce inflammation anywhere in the digestive tract from the mouth to the rectum.  Crohn’s disease may include symptoms such as mouth sores and anal fissures that do not typically occur for people with ulcerative colitis.

How is ulcerative colitis treated?

There are different medications that can effectively manage your ulcerative colitis symptoms. The two most common medications are prescription-strength anti-inflammatories and immunosuppressants. Depending on the symptoms you experience, you may also take over-the-counter pain relievers, anti-diarrheal medications, or even certain supplements.

The only way to get rid of ulcerative colitis is by removing the colon and rectum. This surgical procedure should only be considered if inflammation or ulcers are severe and cannot be controlled through medication.

GI Associates is ready to provide you with the comprehensive gastrointestinal care you need. We have offices in Wausau, Stevens Point, Woodruff, Eagle River, Rhinelander, and Antigo, WI, to serve you better. Regardless of whether you are looking for ulcerative colitis treatment or you are dealing with symptoms, call one of our offices today for an appointment.

By GI ASSOCIATES
August 16, 2017
Category: Gastroenterology
Tags: Diarrhea  

Find out what could be causing this rather embarrassing problem and how you can treat it.Diarrhea
 
Diarrhea happens to almost everyone at some point in their lives. Most of the time it will run its course in a day or two. Of course, there are some situations when symptom may stick around longer than you had hoped.
 
Some of the most common causes of diarrhea include:

  • Viral gastroenteritis
  • Bacterial infection (e.g. food poisoning)
  • Medications
  • Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
  • Stress
  • Food Sensitivities
  • Inflammatory bowel syndrome (e.g. ulcerative colitis; Crohn’s disease)
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Radiation therapy

Your primary care provider can help you manage the majority of diarrheal causes. If your diarrhea continues, or additional symptoms like abdominal pain occur, a gastroenterology consultation may be needed.
How is diarrhea treated?
Mild symptoms are usually well managed with over-the-counter medications. Your primary care provider may also consider additional medications, lab or radiology testing in certain circumstances.
 
Remember to continue to drink liquids throughout the day to stay hydrated.
 
If your symptoms continue your primary care provider may refer you to GI Associates. Prior to your appointment, we will gather information from your primary care provider’s office about treatments and testing have already been performed.  We will ask you questions about your symptoms and, from there, decide what additional diagnostic tests may be needed.
 
If underlying conditions such as Celiac or Crohn’s disease are suspected, we may recommend an endoscopy procedure be performed.  
 
From there we can work with you to manage your symptoms through daily lifestyle changes and certain medications.
 
GI Associates in Wausau, WI, is committed to providing the very best in gastrointestinal care. If you are experiencing any changes or digestive health concerns, please call our office to make an appointment. Our board certified gastroenterologists are here to help.
 
For your convenience, we offer services in a Wausau, Stevens Point, Antigo, Rhinelander, Woodruff and Eagle River. 

By GI Associates
June 22, 2017
Category: Gastroenterology
Tags: Colonoscopy   colon cancer  

Colonoscopy: An Important Colon Cancer Screening Procedurecolonoscopy, colon cancer

A colonoscopy allows your doctor to examine the lining of your large intestine or colon for any abnormalities.  During a colon cancer screening in Wausau, WI, a thin flexible tube is inserted and slowly advances through the GI tract into the rectum and colon. Known as the colonoscope, your doctor can view images on a video monitor with ease. Polyps or abnormal growths in the colon lining may be found that can be removed during this important cancer screening procedure.

Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. Known as the silent killer, there are usually no warning signs.  At age 50 all adults are urged to get screened.

More about Colon Cancer Screenings in Wausau, WI

For most patients, there is no pain during this procedure. Patients may feel cramping, bloating or pressure after the colonoscopy. If your doctor thinks something needs further evaluation, they may obtain a biopsy and take a sample to be analyzed. After a colon cancer screening in Wausau, WI, one of our board certified gastroenterologists professionals from GI Associates & GI Associates Endoscopy Center will explain the results of your procedure with you. Further information about diet and activities will be given to you too. You will need a ride since you are given a sedative during the procedure, which makes it unsafe for you to drive for the rest of the day. In general, there are few complications associated with a colonoscopy, but bleeding at the site of a polyp or biopsy sample removal is the most common. To schedule this important screening procedure with one of our professionals, call 877-442-7762 today.

By GI Associates
April 12, 2017
Category: Gastroenterology
Tags: GERD  

Find out if your heartburn could actually be due to gastroesophageal reflux disease.

A lot of people describe having occasional bouts of heartburn or acid reflux. You may notice it after eating particular foods. You may gerdexperience it if you eat right before bedtime. If you are dealing with these symptoms a couple times a week or if they are affecting your quality of life then it may be time to turn to one of our gastroenterologists to learn more.

What is GERD?

Every time you swallow food your stomach produces acid to aid in digestion. In a healthy gastrointestinal system, a valve opens to allow food and liquid to pass from the esophagus to your stomach. In those with GERD, the valve may not close fully or may open too often, which can cause stomach acids to travel back up into the esophagus. If this happens regularly, the lining of the esophagus can become irritated and even damaged.

What are the symptoms?

While everyone will probably experience heartburn at some point during their lifetime, if you have GERD you will likely deal with frequent or persistent heartburn. Everybody is different when it comes to their symptoms. Other frequent symptoms of GERD include:

  • Sore throat
  • Cough
  • Problems swallowing
  • Belching
  • Hoarseness
  • Chronic bad breath
  • A sour or bitter taste in the mouth

When should I see a gastroenterologist?

It isn’t always easy to know when it’s time to visit the specialists at GI Associates. Of course, if you’ve been dealing with heartburn that occurs two or more times during the week, if your heartburn is getting worse, if you have trouble swallowing or if heartburn wakes you up at night then it’s important that you get your symptoms evaluated.
   
How is GERD treated?

The goal of treatment is to reduce the symptoms and you’re your esophagus a chance to heal. You may need to make be lifestyle changes such as changing what and when you eat, sleep positioning and potentially weight loss if obesity is a factor.
Certain medications may also be prescribed to help you manage your symptoms and to help repair the damage done to the esophagus. Surgery is only recommended when all other treatment options have failed.

Are you dealing with nagging, gnawing heartburn that just doesn’t seem to go away? If so, then it’s time you turned to the experts at GI Associates in Wausau, Stevens Point, Woodruff, Eagle River, Rhinelander and Antigo, WI, to get the answers and treatment you need.

By GI Associates
January 31, 2017
Category: Gastroenterology
Tags: Pancreatitis  

Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas, a small organ in the upper abdomen attached to the duct which drains bile from the gall pancreatitisbladder into the GI tract.  When the pancreas gets inflamed for any number of reasons, pain and other symptoms can occur.

Causes of Pancreatitis

There are two types of this condition; acute and chronic pancreatitis.  Acute pancreatitis occurs when there is inflammation of the pancreas causing acute pain in the upper abdomen, which can be severe.  There are many causes of acute pancreatitis but in the US, gallstones and alcohol are the main causes.  Gallstones can lead to the development of the pancreatitis when they create a blockage of both the bile duct and pancreas duct. Other causes include medication reactions, infections, trauma, Cystic Fibrosis, genetics (family history), and high levels of triglycerides or calcium.

Chronic pancreatitis means that there is scarring and ongoing inflammation of the pancreas. This typically happens after several episodes of acute pancreatitis, though can be diagnosed without a known previous history of acute pancreatitis. Chronic pancreatitis can lead to daily abdominal pain, diarrhea, and weight loss.

If abdominal pain doesn't seem to go away or steadily worsens, you should contact your primary care provider for evaluation. In some instances severe pain may require a trip to the emergency room for evaluation.  A gastroenterologist is usually consulted when a patient presents with these symptoms.

Common symptoms include:

•       Abdominal pain

•       Nausea

•       Vomiting

•       Yellowing of the skin

How a Gastroenterologist Can Assist You

Lab tests looking at pancreatic enzymes can be an indicator of whether or not a patient has acute pancreatitis. Other imaging tests such as ultrasounds and x-rays can look for gallstones in the gallbladder and a CT scan will often show inflammation around the pancreas.  After the diagnosis is made (if applicable), the cause should be identified so the appropriate treatment can be started.

Pancreatitis is almost always quite painful but can also be life-threatening in severe cases and so it’s important that signs of pancreatitis are not ignored.

If you or your family have concerns about pancreatitis or other digestive health concerns, contact our office to make an appointment.  Our gastroenterologists, Nurse Practitioners and Physician assistants offer services in Wausau, Stevens Point, Woodruff, Eagle River, Rhinelander and Antigo.  Call GI Associates at (877) 442-7762.